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Places to visit » Yangon :: Mandalay :: Bagan :: Inle :: Kyaikhtiyo :: Beach
  Mandalay City

Established: around 200 years ago
Location: Latitude: 21° 58' N, Longitude: 96° 04' E
Temperature: Min 10 'C - Max 43.3 'C
Population: over 1 million

Mandalay, the old capital of Myanmar with the pure culture, was outstanding in the past. It is situated about 600 kilometers north of Yangon on the bank of the Ayeyarwaddy river. It is the second largest city in the country. Today, it is a major trading and communication center in the northern and central Myanmar. Buddhist Sasana, Myanmar traditional arts and crafts, with the life span of one hundred and forty two years, a city which abounds in historical sites, cultural memorials and Buddhist edifices.

Mandalay Palace

It was the first palace to be built in Mandalay, by King Mindon when he shifted his capital from Amarapura in 1861, to fulfill an old prophecy. It was built of teak wood on raised brick plinth gilded with gold and vermillion.

Maha Myat Muni Pagoda

Located at the southwest of the town, the Mahamuni Buddha Image is highly venerated. The 4m high-seated image is cast in Bronze and weigh 6.5 tons, on which a crown is decorated with diamonds, rubies and sapphires. Mahamuni Buddha Image was being cast in front of the Buddha himself and some say that Mahamuni Buddha Image is the most look-alike portrait of Buddha himself. The image has completely covered with 15 cm thick gold and original shape is distorted.

Mandalay Hill

It is 230 meters in elevation and commands a magnificent view of the city and surrounding countryside. The legend has it that the Buddha, on his visit, had made a prophecy that a great city would be founded at the foot of this hill.


It lies on the left bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. It is famous for the silk weaving industry.

U Bein Bridge

Constructed in 1849, crossing the Taungtha-man Inn (Lake) is one of the main attrations for visitors. It is the longest teak bridge in the world; although a bit rickety in some parts it has withstood the storms and folds of over two centuries. The bridge is named after its donor U Bein.


Innwa lies in the south of Mandalay and only 30 minutes drive away. This old city was long time capital of Myanmar, before Mandalay was built. Maha Aung Mye Bon Zan Monastery and Grand Bargaya Monastery are popular tourist destinations in Innwa.

Mandalay Vicinity - Sagaing

It lies 21 km southwest of Mandalay on the west bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. It is an ancient capital of "Sagaing Dynasty". Sagaing Hills are known as a religious retreat where over 400 monasteries for monks and nuns are located. Kaung Hmudaw Pagoda: About 10 km from Sagaing. It is an enormous dome-shaped pagoda, built by King Thalun in 1636. Ominthonesal Pagoda: It has many Buddha images in a crescent shaped colonnade. Mural paintings in the Tilawkaguru cave temple, built in 1672.

Mandalay Vicinity - Monywa

It lies 136 km northwest of Mandalay and situated on the east bank of Chindwin River. Thanbodhay Paya: First built in 1303 by Monywa Sayadaw, the solid section of the monument is said to enclose 7,350 relics and other holy materials. Po Win Daung Caves: The caves and surrounding hills are named after U Po Win. Caves themselves contain Buddhist statues and mural dating to the 17th and 18th century.

Mandalay Vicinity - - Mingun

Located about 11km proverb from Mandalay, on the opposite bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. Mingun Pahtotawgyi: Over, 20,000 workers toiled for twenty years on the construction of the Pahtodawgyi Pagoda, which was unfortunately abandoned due to the death of King Bodawapaya in 1819. A 150feet miniature model of the pagoda is in close proximity. It was completed to a height of 162 feet. Up to the first terrace is less than on third of the final height. This unfinished structure was badly damaged with cracks by the earthquake of 1838 but it is still the largest brick base in the world. Mingun Bell: It is a huge bronze bell near the Mingun Zedi on the west bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. It weighs 55555 viss (100 tons). it is the world's biggest rigning bell. Myatheindan Pagoda: Built by King Bagyidaw in 1816, three years before he succeeded Bodawpaya as a king. It was built as a representation of the Sulamani Pgoda which, according to the Buddhist plan of the cosmos, stands atop Mount Meru. This pagoda was badly damaged in 1838 by a quake but King Mindon restored it in 1874.

Mandalay Vicinity - Pyin Oo Lwin

A pretty little hill resort, 67 km east of Mandalay. Pyin Oo Lwin (formerly Maymyo), was a hill station established by the British as a cool retreat from the heat of the central Myanmar plains. Pyeik Chin Myaung, Pwe Kauk Fall and the Maha Anhtookanthar Paya are tourist attractions in this area.

Mandalay Vicinity - Shwebo

It is 64 miles north of Mandalay on the motor and railroad to Myitkyina. It can be reached by car or rail from Mandalay under four hours. The ruins of ancient culture can be seen at Hanlin, a few miles south of Shwebo.