Yangon - the Former Capital City of Myanmar
Established: around 2,500 years ago
Location: Latitude: 16° 47' N, Longitude: 96° 08' E
Temperature: Min 16 'C - Max 34 'C
Population: 7 million
Yangon, the former capital city, is the main gateway to Myanmar. Evergreen and cool with lush tropical trees, shady parks and beautiful lakes, Yangon has earned the name of "The Garden City of the East". Yangon was founded by King Alaungpaya on the site of a small settlement called Dagon when he conquered Lower Myanmar in 1755. The name Yangon means "End of Strife" which was anglicized as Rangoon by the British. The name of this city has changed along the history: first Dagon, then Yangon, and Okalapa Aung Myae Yan Hnin, then finally back to Yangon. The present day Yangon covers 400 sq m and has a population of over 7 million.
Where to visit in Yangon
Address: No.1, Shwedagon Pagoda Road, Dagon Township
Travel Tips: Open from 4am-10pm everyday.
Admission Fees - US$5
The most notable building in Yangon is the Shwe Dagon Pagoda, one of the greatest wonders of the world. It is a 2500-year old pagoda and also the first pagoda on earth. The pagoda itself is a solid brick stupa (Buddhist reliquary) that is completely covered with gold. It rises 326 feet (99 m) on a hill 168 feet (51 m) above the city.
The perimeter of the base of the Pagoda is 1,420 fee and its height 326 feet above the platform. It is plated with more than 30 tons of gold, towering 98m over the city. A number of Myanmar kings and queens donated pure gold equivalent of their body weight to this pagoda throughout the history. The tip of the golden cone is set with rubies, diamonds, sapphires and topaz, and around the main stupa are more than 100 smaller pavilions and halls.
|Maha Wizaya Pagoda
Maha Wizaya Pagoda is just next ot Shwedagon. There is a very interesting thing if you are into architecture. There is a specially-designed hole on the ceiling that only permits the sunlight to inside only single day every year. That day is Myanmar New Year Day according to Myanmar lunar calendar.
Address: No. 66/74, Pyay Road, Dagon Township, Yangon, Myanmar
Phone: 95-1-282563, 95-1-282608
Travel Tips: Opening Hours-Open daily 10:00 am-4:00 pm, except Myanmar New Year Holidays (Thingyan Festival) in April
Admission Fees: US$ 5
The National Museum houses the famous Lion Throne of last Myanmar kings. Priceless ancient artifacts and historic memorabilia are also displayed.
|Bogyoke Aung San Market
Bogyoke Aung San Market is situated in the heart of Yangon - on Bogyoke Aung San Road. It is the most popular market and a great tourist destination in Yangon. A lot of souvenir, jewelry, handicraft, tapestry shops are there. Vendors in this market are generally easier to communicate in English than other shopping centers.
Travel Tips: The market is open daily from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm. Close on gazette holidays. Even through it's opened at 9:00 am; 10:00 am would be the best time to visit, when the entire market is fully opened.
Karaweik is a classy modern restaurant, in the form of a huge Myanmar mythical bird, standing in the Kandawgyi Lake. Traditional dance performance, ssmall scale Myanmar orchestra, and puppet shows are performed every night. It's often full. Make sure you reserve ahead.
Travel Tips: Entrance Fee to the Kandawgyi Nature Park is Ks 300, and Entrance to the Karaweik Hall is Ks 500
|Kandawgyi Nature Park
It is a newly renovated park which is not far from Shwedagon. You can see the water fountains, the green sceneries, and the marble elephants.
Sule Pagoda is the landmark of the heart of yangon, located near the City hall and the Myanmar Travels and Tours office. It is said to be 2000 years old. The stupa is 46 m high and it is in a strange octagonal shape.
|Kaba Aye Pagoda (World Peace Pagoda)
Kaba Aye Pagoda was built for the 6th international Buddhist council in 1954. The World Buddhist Summit was held at the Maha Pasana Cave, near the pagoda.
Botataung Pagoda, meaning 1,000 leaders, it is said to have the genuine hair relics of Buddha. The pagoda is hollow inside and it is a sort of a mirrormaze inside.
||Chauk Htat Gyi Buddha
Chauk Htat Gyi Buddha houses the fourth largest colossal reclining Buddha with an enigmatic smile on his delicate lips. the image itself is 67m long and famous for the 108 distinguishing marks/symbols on the soles of his two huge feet.
|Kyauk Taw Gyi Buddha
Kyauk Taw Gyi Buddha is the largest marble Buddha in the world sculptured out from a single piece of marble stone.
Yangon Vicinity - Bago
The historical town of Bago, situated about 75 kilometers northeast of Yangon, was founded in 573 by two Mon princes and soon developed into the capital of the most important realm of the Mon people. Shwemawdaw Pagoda - - Its height of 373 feet is taller than the famous Whwedagon Pagoda. Shwethalyaung Buddha is a famous reclining image of a huge Buddha, 180 feet in length and 52.5 feet in height. It was "lost" for many years as it was covered with earth in the scrub jungle, until an Indian contractor dug the place. The image was restored in 1881. It is also known as "the golden reclining image" Kanbawza Thadi Palace was built by King Bayinnaung, the founder of the second Myanmar Empire. According to the drawing record made by a minister "Letwe Nawrahta" there was totally 76 apartments and halls. the replica of the palace was reconstructed in 1990 and finished in 1992.
Yangon Vicinity - Thanlyin (Syriam)
Thanlyin formerly known as Syriam is just across the river, spanned by one of the longest bridges in Myanmar. Half-an-hour drive by car or train, this colonial town was built by the British for its port and petroleum refinery plant. The tombs of 2 famous Myanmar poets laureate of 16th century, an 18th century Portuguese Church, and a century-old Sacred Heart Church are there. Kyaik Kauk Pagoda: It is built on a hillock on the road to Kyauk Tan. It is an imposing golden stupa similar to the Shwe Dagon pagoda. Yaylel Pagoda means the pagoda in the middle of water. The pagoda complex comprises several buildings including a monastery. Pilgrims and visitors are ferried across to the pagoda. One can feed shoals of long river catfish, which surface to snatch tit-bits of food thrown at them.
Yangon Vicinity - Pyay (Prome)
Pyay is an important commercial center for the trade between the Ayeyarwaddy Delta, but it is only about 6 hours drive from Yangon. The famous Shwesandaw Pagoda is well known in Pyay. Also the Srikeshtra, ancient Pyu capital can be visited. It is about 5 miles to the east of the city.